Civil actions against the state for more than $2,500 are determined by a judge of the court. The form of the complaint and practice and procedure are governed by the Ohio Rules of Civil Procedure and by the Local Rules of the Court of Claims of Ohio. The complaint must name as a defendant each state agency or instrumentality whose actions are alleged to be the basis of the complaint.
All new complaints are reviewed to ensure that the proper agency is named and to screen out any inappropriate demands such as jury trials and attorney fees. All parties remaining in a civil action are served by the clerk who will issue a summons and a copy of the complaint upon each defendant and the Attorney General.